An Model Of How Energy Flows Through An Ecosystem Jupiter’s Everlasting Storm

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Jupiter’s Everlasting Storm

Jupiter is the largest planet in our Sun’s family and is a huge world; A gas giant that lives in the outer regions of our solar system, where three other giant planets–Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune–orbit our star in awe-inspiring glory. of Jupiter Great Red Spot It’s the most prominent feature seen on the surface of Jupiter’s belt–it’s an enormous storm about 12,400 miles long and 7,500 miles wide. The fascinating secret is that of Jupiter Great Red Spot did not disappear centuries ago, and this question has puzzled scientists for a long time. In November 2013, a team of researchers announced that this mystery may now be solved, and that their findings may help unravel some more clues about our own planet’s oceans, as well as the cradles of baby stars and minor planets.

“Based on current theories, the Great Red Spot Should have disappeared decades later. Instead, it has been around for hundreds of years,” reported Dr. Pedram Hassanzadeh on November 25, 2013. Statement to the press. Dr. Hassanzadeh is a geophysical fluid dynamics scientist at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and co-author of the new study.

Jupiter is the fifth planet from our sun and is twice as large as the other seven planets that inhabit our solar system. Combined! Jupiter’s greatest mass is 318 times that of our own Earth.

This “King of the Planets” was named after the (Greek) “King of the Gods” of ancient Roman mythology. Zeus) who ruled over colorful, and constantly feuding, gods and goddesses. Mount Olympus. Jupiter was also the patron of the Roman Empire.

The planet itself has been known since prehistoric times; A small glowing orb of a “wandering star” — the fourth brightest object that shines in the dark sky after sunset.

Jupiter is as big as nature will allow a gas giant to be and still be a planet! It is approximately 90% hydrogen and 10% helium, with trace amounts of water, methane, rocky material, and ammonia. If more material were added to this giant, gaseous planet, it would be compressed by the force of gravity, and the overall radius would only increase. A star may grow larger than Jupiter, but the star has an internal source of heat. However, Jupiter would already have to expand at least 80 times to become a star!

Jupiter, and the beautiful ringed planet Saturn, are the only two gas-giant inhabitants of our Sun family (Uranus and Neptune are ice giants). They are both massive spheroids, whose hidden cores are enveloped in very large gas envelopes. Jupiter and Saturn are very different from the four rocky, inner terrestrial planets that orbit our star–Mercury, Venus, our Earth, and Mars–and their strange properties and puzzling formation histories are hotly debated in the scientific community.

Our Solar System formed about 4.56 billion years ago when a very dense, relatively small blob, embedded in a vast, dark, molecular cloud, composed of gas and dust, collapsed under its own gravity. As the small, turbulent blob embedded in the dark molecular cloud collapsed to form the central parent star–our Sun–it also created a remnant disk, called Protoplanetary accretion disk. come on disc, a swirling sea of ​​dust and gas, orbits our newborn Sun. Very fine particles of dust, moving around disc, they were endowed with a natural stickiness–and they easily “stuck” to each other and formed increasingly larger and larger bodies. Eventually, the eight major planets that inhabited our solar system emerged from these rotating, gas-filled, dusty bodies. disc Indeed, the planets, moons, comets, asteroids and various smaller bodies that dance in our solar system all arose from this primordial time. Protoplanetary accretion disc which revolved around our baby star.

When Jupiter was born, he was shining like a star. The energy emitted by the falling material causes its interior to become extremely hot. The bigger Jupiter got, the hotter it got. When the material is sipped from the surrounding mess, swirling discFinally, Jupiter had an actual effective diameter more than 10 times its current size, a central temperature of about 50,000 Kelvin (the Kelvin scale is an absolute measure of temperature, with zero being -459.4 degrees Fahrenheit), and a bright, glowing light that is similar to ours today. It was approximately 1% larger than the Sun itself.

If Jupiter had been born many times heavier than it is, it would have continued to heat up and contract–until the self-perpetuating nuclear fusion reactions in its core ignited it tremendously. If that were the case, Jupiter would have become a star. Our Sun, like many of its variants, would have had a binary companion. If this had happened, our Earth and its seven sister planets would not have formed. However, Jupiter failed to become a star. After its initial bright birth, it began to cool.

During the first 10,000,000 years of its existence, Jupiter shrank to its present size, with additional shrinkage occurring over the last few billion years or so. Jupiter emits 00001 as much radiation as the Sun, and today its luminosity is only 000001.

Eternal Storm!

A vortex is a fluid or air mass in a vortex, such as a whirlpool or whirlwind. Vortices like Jupiter Great Red Spot A breakdown can happen for a number of reasons. For example, churning, violent storms, waves swirling around violent storms, and powerful winds can weaken the energy. Such a storm can also lose energy by escaping heat. of Jupiter Great Red Spot It lies between two very strong jet streams in its atmosphere that throw themselves in opposite directions and can reduce its swirling turbulence.

However, there are some astronomers who believe that large vortices Great Red Spot Absorbs energy and can “live” for a long time by eating small vortices. However, “it doesn’t happen often enough to explain it Red spots Long live,” Dr. Philip Marcus told reporters in a statement dated November 25, 2013. Dr. Marcus is a fluid dynamicist and planetary scientist at the University of California, Berkeley, and a co-author with Dr. Hassanzadeh.

of Jupiter Great Red Spot Not unique in our cosmic wonderland. The eddies that exist in our own planet’s churning oceans and atmosphere persist longer than prevailing theories can explain.

Dr. Hassanzadeh and Dr. Marcus found that there may be an answer that explains the mystery of vertical flow. Great Red Spots Amazingly long life. To help solve this puzzle, two colleagues developed high-resolution, 3D computer simulations of large vortices. Such simulations usually only study vortical horizontal winds, where most of the energy resides. Although vortices also have vertical currents, they generally have less energy. Therefore, “in the past, most researchers either ignored vertical flow because they thought it was not important, or they used simple equations because it was too difficult to model,” Dr Hassanzadeh said in November 25, 2013.

Dr. Hassanzadeh and Dr. Marcus’s model shows that when a cyclonic storm, such as Great Red Spot, As energy begins to be lost, the vertical flow causes hot and cold gases to flow in and out of the vortex–restoring some of its lost energy. Their model also predicts radial currents that carry strong winds from rapidly zipping jet streams. Great Red Spot In the middle of the storm. This can make the storm last longer.

On Jupiter, or in Earth’s oceans, eddies may dissipate 100 times more slowly than scientists previously believed.

“Some ocean eddies have been found to persist for many years and are believed to play an important role in ocean ecosystems and ocean-atmosphere interactions. Eddy in Physics Great Red Spot Stars and planets are believed to contribute to the formation process, which requires them to last for several million years. Both oceanic and astrophysical eddies are subject to dissipation processes, and the mechanisms described here account for their longevity. Great Red Spot It also presents a very plausible explanation for their longevity,” Dr. Marcus said on November 25, 2013.

However, the two scientists note that their model does not fully explain Jupiter’s mystery. Great Red Spots Great endurance. They suggest that merging with smaller eddies can help extend the “lifespan” of superstorms. As a result, they have begun to modify their computer models to test this theory.

Both scientists reported their findings on November 25, 2013 at the annual meeting of the American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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