All The Sepals On A Flower Are Called The Calyx Information

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Calyx Information

Calyx A part of the flower forms the outer whorl leaf like green sepals. In some plants the sepals may be fused to form a cup or separate from each other but within a single flower. The calyx has a tactile leaf-like structure that grows into a teardrop shape and slowly opens to reveal the developing parts inside the flower. When a young flower is enclosed in a calyx, all parts may be said to be part of the calyx. However as the flowers mature and the petals, carpels and stamens emerge only the leaves are referred to as the calyx.

identity
It is sometimes difficult to tell the calyx from the flower petals. Although the color of the calyx is green, the color can vary depending on the species. The calyx surrounds the flower as a bud. When the flower blooms, the calyx may wither, change color, fall or fall off.

Functions of Calyx
The calyx is the vegetative material that forms the round protective layer of the flower. It forms a covering to protect the whorls inside the bud stage. Sepals contain chlorophyll and can be used for food synthesis.

Calyx forms
The calyx is composed of sepals of different shapes and sizes.

Sepals regular
The calyx is made up of sepals. The number of sepals in the calyx corresponds to the number of petals in the flower. The sepals are arranged in such a way that they alternate with the petals to form a regular symmetrical pattern.

Fused sepals
In some species the sepals are fused together on one or all of their edges. It forms a calyx composed of a composite layer or skin, which is torn as the flowers emerge.

Asymmetrical sepals
Sepals are not normally developed asymmetrically. Sepals become asymmetric due to harsh environment or pest infestation.

Tepals
Mostly found in lily-like species. The sepals of the calyx and the petals of the corolla are indistinguishable from each other. During early development the petals form the calyx. Because the flower has no separate parts to open or tear, the tepals are naturally symmetrical and incomplete.

arrangement
Sepals may be close to each other or free from each other eg Crotalaria. If the sepals are fused together, they are called gamosepalous and if they are free, they are called polysepalous. If the sepals and petals look alike and are joined together, they are called a perianth, and each unit of a perianth is called an apicalix.

medicinal value
Sepal extract contains significant amounts of vitamin C, anthocyanins and polyphenols and water-soluble antioxidants. The calyx of hibiscus is used to make a tea that helps lower cholesterol and high blood pressure. Calyx has been used for many years to treat liver disease, loss of appetite, circulation, high blood pressure, and as a laxative and diuretic.

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