Able To Widen And Narrow To Adjust Blood Flow High Blood Pressure The Silent Killer

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High Blood Pressure The Silent Killer

High blood pressure (HBP), or hypertension, is when someone’s blood pressure is too high for a healthy body. Some causes of HBP can be controlled, such as diet, smoking, exercise, weight, and stress. Other factors you can’t control include gender, age, and family history. And just because you don’t feel sick or affected by HBP is a serious condition that can lead to other conditions.

All forms of heart disease are directly related to high blood pressure. And without HBP, patients are less likely to suffer a stroke where a blood vessel bursts in the brain, destroying tissue and thought processes in the area of ​​the stroke. Hypertension also exacerbates other types of medical conditions.

Why is it so dangerous? As the blood circulates, it presses against the inner walls of the arteries. Recurrent HBP can damage the artery wall. The wall thickens and becomes rough which leads to plaque formation. Thickening of artery walls means blood flow is reduced and the heart has to work harder to pump blood throughout the body. This buildup can also damage internal organs. With high blood pressure, the blood vessels in these organs are more likely to burst and damage the organ tissue, impairing the organ’s ability to function. For example, the kidneys and liver are especially prone to damage due to high blood pressure causing blood vessels to rupture.

According to the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, about 25% of the population suffers from HBP. However, on closer inspection some groups are at higher risk. For example, Hispanic and white populations, on average, have relatively low HBP rates in the US at 20% and 23%, respectively. Black Americans have a nearly 40% increased risk.

And HBP risk also varies with age. People between the ages of 45 and 54 have a 31% chance of developing HBP. Between the ages of 55 – 64, the rate of HBP rises to 46% for men and 55% for women. High blood pressure continues to rise in the 65 – 74 age group, with 59% of men and over 74% of women. Over the age of 75, 69% of men and 82% of women can expect to suffer from HBP.

The most common form of control for HBP is medication. And since such a large portion of the US population suffers from high blood pressure, the demand for new and more effective hypertensive drugs is always high.

Currently, there are nine top blood pressure medications on the market:

1) Diuretics such as Lasix that flush water and sodium from the blood to reduce the amount of fluid in the bloodstream which reduces the strain on the heart to move the fluid.

2) beta blockers that reduce nerve impulses to the heart and blood vessels causing the heart to beat slower and less forcefully, thereby reducing blood pressure and the workload on your heart;

3) ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors prevent the production of the enzyme, angiotensin II which causes narrowing of blood vessels. ACE inhibitors relax blood vessels, which lowers blood pressure.

4) Angiotensin antagonists protect blood vessels from angiotensin II and widen blood vessels and lower blood pressure.

5) Calcium channel blockers prevent calcium from entering the muscle cells of the heart and blood vessels causing them to relax, lowering blood pressure.

6) Alpha blockers reduce the nerve impulses on the blood vessels causing them to relax and lower blood pressure. Alpha blockers are not recommended for first-line protection against HBP.

7) Alpha-beta blockers are a combination of both alpha and beta blockers to widen the blood vessels through the alpha blocker, and benefit from both effects of the beta blockers to slow heart rate and lower blood pressure.

8) Vasodilators directly open blood vessels by relaxing the muscles in the walls of the blood vessels, thereby lowering blood pressure.

Despite the availability of various medications to control HBP, more Americans suffer from HBP or high blood pressure. But HBP is preventable to some extent which is inexpensive and can prevent other serious complications of HBP. Focus on risks you can control. Here are some tips to prevent high blood pressure:

– Limit food, salt and alcohol intake. Limiting these three things will do you more to stay healthy than any other single item.

– Secondly, exercise regularly. Walking is the best form of exercise and only 30 minutes a day can lead to dramatic improvements in health.

– Do not smoke. Smoking has a proven link with HBP.

– and control your stress. Try things like meditation and relaxation techniques.

The complications of HBP are well known, and the older you are, the more likely you are to develop HBP, according to statistics. But you can act on factors you can control to reduce the likelihood. Assess your risk factors and do something to help yourself. An alternative is a drug with associated side effects.

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