# A Type Of Current Elctricity That Flows 1 Direction What Is the Difference Between Horizontal and Vertical Wind Generators?

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## What Is the Difference Between Horizontal and Vertical Wind Generators?

The design of a wind generator is often determined by the axis on which the shaft of the wind generator is mounted, whether horizontal or vertical. The mounting of the shaft also determines the direction and shape of the propeller blades, meaning that horizontal and vertical wind turbines can often have different shapes.

The basic definition of a wind generator is to describe it as a mechanical construction that uses the wind to generate kinetic energy, which is converted into electricity. Wind power is used to rotate the propeller blades, creating kinetic energy. This kinetic energy is distributed through the shaft of the generator into rotating motion and fed into the generator attached to the end of the shaft. The generator then converts the kinetic energy into electrical current.

The differences in the design of horizontal and vertical wind generators account for different efficiency, size, and utility issues, thus offering more options to those who choose to use wind power to generate electricity. It can be quite confusing when comparing horizontal and vertical generators because the terms refer to the mounting of the shaft rather than the appearance of the wind generator.

Horizontal axis wind turbines are the most common structure used to generate wind power. Here the main shaft and generator are installed at the top of the tower. The propeller blades are mounted perpendicular to the ground so the main rotor shaft can drive the generator horizontally. All the mechanical components are mounted on the top of the tower, which essentially acts as a stand to keep this material in an optimal position to catch the wind.

Vertical axis wind turbines are less common and more difficult to build and operate efficiently. Vertical axis wind turbines run vertically along the length of the structure with mechanical components mounted at the base of the shaft, often at ground level. The rotor blades take on a more eggbeater appearance (similar to the Darius wind turbine design) and differ significantly from the propeller blades of the horizontal wind generator design. The shape of the generator blades is evidence of wind turbine design with different vertical axes.

Both designs have their advantages and disadvantages. Historically, horizontal axis wind turbines have been more popular and widely used which means their design and technology has been more widely understood and developed. Vertical axis wind turbines are still unknown to many wind energy users and technicians. Its technology and design are still in the process of being more widely understood.

As a basic overview here are some of the main advantages and disadvantages of each design.

benefits

Horizontal axis wind generator

– Easy design to build and install

– Efficient in capturing and converting wind energy (generates electricity with less wind)

Vertical axis wind generator

– No need to relocate to capture wind energy

– Maintenance and repair is easy as mechanical components are mounted at or near ground level

Horizontal axis wind generator

– Need to re-adjust to wind direction

– Difficult to maintain and repair as mechanical components are mounted at height

Vertical axis wind generator

– More difficult design to build and install

– Inefficient in capturing and converting wind energy (requires large amounts of wind energy to generate electricity

This is a simple overview of generator design and a comparison of vertical and horizontal generator designs. This article was intended to serve as a basic introductory overview of the design and use of wind generators. The technical aspects of horizontal and vertical wind turbine design, as well as the advantages and disadvantages, are more complex than how this article describes them.

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