A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River The Chinese Influence on Contemporary Garden Water Features and Indoor Water Fountain Design

You are searching about A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River, today we will share with you article about A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River was compiled and edited by our team from many sources on the internet. Hope this article on the topic A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River is useful to you.

The Chinese Influence on Contemporary Garden Water Features and Indoor Water Fountain Design

While European and Middle Eastern designers applied their technical abilities and cultural influences to the design and function of water fountains, the Chinese were also developing their own approach to water use.

The ancient, and to some extent universal, thought that water was the source of life and continues to this day, and we now know that our physical bodies are largely made up of water, without which we cannot live. Sometimes water has qualities that make it seem almost alive. We say that it moves, runs, even jumps over objects in its path, all of which indicate that water has “sentient” qualities. It can be trained, guided or forced to turn corners or bends and even flow upwards.

The Chinese have used water in these and other ways for thousands of years. At first they made water work for them to irrigate crops, much like the Romans – meaning they used gravity as their primary means of moving water from mountain streams through ditches to growing fields. During the Han Dynasty, around the first century BCE, some historians attribute the invention of the chain pump to the Chinese, although this is not universally accepted.

These first pumps were mechanisms that could raise water about 15 feet by means of a series of buckets or pallets attached to a chain that revolved around an upper and lower wheel. A water source at the bottom allowed the buckets to be filled, and turning wheels guided the buckets to the top to empty. The efficiency of the system depended on the size of the container and how well it was sealed against leaks. Power was first supplied by human effort, then by harnessed animals; A constant power source allowed the rising water to rise. (Some historians believe that this may have been the system that irrigated the Hanging Gardens in Mesopotamia, raising water from the Euphrates River to a reservoir at the top of the structure.)

All these early activities were aimed at maximizing financial gain. Later, when the Chinese tried to develop their gardens, they began to use water for aesthetic or recreational purposes. The basic feature of a Chinese garden is water, and the intended presentation is a completely natural environment, designed to evoke a sense of tranquility.

The most beautiful example of this is the West Lake of Hong Chau, developed in the 8th century (T’ang Dynasty). The lake was created by draining a large shallow “bowl” covering several acres of land and diverting water into it. Subtle landscaping around the pool completed the ‘natural’ effect. This beautiful marvel of engineering and aesthetic design was first reported to the Western world by Marco Polo in the early 14th century and is still a destination for tourists today.

There is much evidence that the Chinese also used water’s ability to cool air based on evaporation, and developed early versions of water fountains that could be either gravity or chain pump driven. This calls into question the idea that water fountains were unknown in China before the arrival of Jesuit missionaries, who incorporated water fountains into their mission courtyards.

As the Chinese integrated and expanded the use of water fountains into their culture, they moved away from the European multi-spouted variety, preferring to focus on simpler displays. Chinese aesthetics emphasized water shapes / arcs to complement the overall design of the fountain, with the aim of evoking a sense of tranquility through simple figures.

Today when we consider water features for our gardens and yards, the most adopted design is the natural setting – a direct connection to the ancient Chinese vision. Also, many contemporary indoor water fountain designs feature natural scenery or create a simple flow of water, both of which have aesthetic origins in China. So, today’s water fountain is a device that brings together centuries of technological development, aesthetic and cultural perspectives from all parts of the world. I believe this is why today’s water fountain, with its seemingly endless variety of designs, styles and materials, can be so individually integrated into any setting to reflect the personality of its owner.

Video about A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River

You can see more content about A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River on our youtube channel: Click Here

Question about A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River

If you have any questions about A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River, please let us know, all your questions or suggestions will help us improve in the following articles!

The article A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River was compiled by me and my team from many sources. If you find the article A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River helpful to you, please support the team Like or Share!

Rate Articles A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River

Rate: 4-5 stars
Ratings: 9603
Views: 81936750

Search keywords A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River

A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River
way A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River
tutorial A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River
A Stream That Flows Into A Lake Or River free
#Chinese #Influence #Contemporary #Garden #Water #Features #Indoor #Water #Fountain #Design

Source: https://ezinearticles.com/?The-Chinese-Influence-on-Contemporary-Garden-Water-Features-and-Indoor-Water-Fountain-Design&id=2505509

Related Posts