A Seed Develops From What Part Of The Flower Utility of the Cashew Nut

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Utility of the Cashew Nut

Cashews are a very popular nut of the Anacardiaceae family. The English name for cashew is derived from the Portuguese word. It is best grown in tropical climates for nuts and cashew apples. name Anacardium The shape of the fruit resembles an inverted heart. The cashew tree is small, evergreen and reaches a height of 10-12 meters with an irregular trunk. The shape of the leaves is somewhat spiral, leathery, elliptic to ovate, about 4-22 cm long and 2-15 cm wide with smooth margins. Flowers are borne in panicles or corymbs up to 26 cm long. The flowers are green but later turn red and have five thin, acute petals and are 7-15 mm long. The fruit of the cashew tree is a pear-shaped accessory fruit that develops from the pedicel and receptacle of the flower. In Central America, the fruit is known as cashew apple and marron. The fruit is pale pink and red when ripe and 5-11 cm. The fruit is edible with sweet smell and sweet taste. The pulp of cashew apple is juicy but the skin is fragile which makes it difficult to transport.

The true fruit of the cashew tree is a kidney-shaped drupe that develops at the end of the cashew apple. Drupes develop first and then the pedicel expands into a cashew apple. The fruit contains a fruit called cashew. Botanically, a cashew nut is actually a seed. The seed is surrounded by a hard shell that contains allergenic phenolic resin, anarkadic acid, and is highly irritating to the skin. A chemical that irritates the skin is exactly the same as an allergenic oil called urushiol. Some people are allergic to cashews, but cashews are less allergenic than other nuts. Cashew nuts are native to Brazil but the introduction of cashew nuts to India is attributed to the Portuguese. From India, this fruit spread to Southeast Asia and Africa. Cashew Nutshell Liquid (CNSL) is a byproduct of cashew nut processing rich in anacardic acid. The liquid is very effective in treating dental abscesses caused by gram positive bacteria. The bark is scraped, soaked and boiled to treat diarrhoea. The gum obtained from the tree is used in varnishing. The seeds are ground to make a powder for use as an antivenom on snake bites. Nut oil has antifungal properties. Anacardic acid is used in the production of cardanol which is used as an abrasive and coating material.

Cashews are used as a popular snack that is either salty or sugary. Peanuts are also covered in chocolate and are somewhat cheaper than peanuts and almonds. Nuts are also an important ingredient in Thai, Chinese and Indian cuisines. In Indian cuisine, they are used in sweets as well as other preparations. In India, especially in Goa, cashew apples are soaked in swamps and the resulting juice is left to ferment for 2-3 days. The fermented juice then undergoes double distillation resulting in a drink called fenny. Peanuts are a good source of energy, carbohydrates, sugars, fat, protein, dietary fiber, vitamin B-complex, vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc and iron. The fats and oils in cashew oil contain 54% monounsaturated fat, 18% polyunsaturated fat and 16% saturated fat and 7% stearic acid.

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